- Resource — a representation of a digital or physical artefact, or a combination of these such as when you have a scan of an original letter in your possession, or a digital photograph of a set of medals.
- Citation — despite its name, this is a generalised reference to sources or information held elsewhere. It includes the location of information within a source, as well as the location of a source itself, and even allows for the representation of attribution.
<Resource Name='rRWC' Abstract=’1’>
<Title>Raymond Walter Coulson (1922-1997) collection</Title>
Papers, photographs, correspondence, memorabilia and probate documents of Raymond Walter Coulson of 322 Aston Hall Road, Aston, Birmingham, who died intestate on 24 May 1997.
<Resource Name='rRWC_Probate' Abstract=’1’>
<Param Name='Lev2' Type=’Integer’>1</Param>
Compiled by [my dad], administrator for the estate of Raymond Walter Coulson, between May 1997 and January 1998.
- The source of the information is an afterthought. Although some Web sites allow a researcher to tag data with links to their relevant online content, that is merely an electronic bookmark (in the form of a URL) and not a real citation.
- Even when a researcher references a source, it is only in the context of a citation. The belief that the data is the answer, as opposed to the source contains a clue, means that any reasoning for the making of a considered argument is being short-circuited.